Kirkwall, 10:00 to 12:00, 1997–2019
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Met Office station 23: Kirkwall, Orkney  (KW17 2); OS grid reference: SY 482077.
Coordinates:  N58°57'14" W2°54'00"  (58.954 -2.900), elevation 26 m.
Note: gusts not recorded in 6 out of the 23 years, 2.5% of daylight visibility records missing, 14.7% of daylight precipitation records missing, 2.0% of daylight wind records missing.

This is the analysis for the average of 23 years  (1997–2019).
Time slot: 10:00 to 12:00  (two hours); click below for any-hour analysis, or a different start time, or for whole day analysis (all times are GMT):

any-hour  06:00  08:00  10:00  12:00  14:00  16:00  18:00  all-day

‘Flyable days’ analysis

This is the number of days in each month, on average, for which (in this timeslot) the visibility was adequate, and there was no bad weather, and the wind speed was less than or equal to that shown on the left.
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
≤ 5 mph 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  9  2%
≤ 10 mph 3 3 3 2 4 4 4 5 3 3 4 4  41  11%
≤ 15 mph 7 6 7 7 10 10 11 11 9 7 7 7  99  27%
≤ 20 mph 9 8 10 11 15 15 15 16 12 11 9 10  140  38%
≤ 30 mph 12 12 13 15 18 17 17 18 15 13 11 12  174  48%
≤ 40 mph 12 12 14 16 18 17 18 18 15 14 12 13  179  49%
any wind 13 13 15 16 18 17 18 18 15 14 12 13  181  50%
‘Total’ shows the total flyable days, on average, in a year, and the same as a percentage.

Trend analysis

This is the average change (per year, over the 23 years) in the average number of days in each month for which (in this timeslot) the visibility was adequate, and there was no bad weather, and the wind speed was less than or equal to that shown on the left.

For example, if a value of +0.5 is shown for a given month then that implies that since 1997 the number of flyable days in that month has increased by (on average) half a day per year.
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
≤ 5 mph             +0.1           +0.2
≤ 10 mph −0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1     +0.2 +0.1   +0.1 +0.2 +0.1 +0.8
≤ 15 mph −0.3 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.3 +0.4 +0.1 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.1 +2.1
≤ 20 mph −0.3 +0.3 +0.2 +0.2 +0.3 +0.4 +0.4 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +2.6
≤ 30 mph −0.2 +0.3 +0.3 +0.3 +0.3 +0.4 +0.4 +0.2 +0.2 +0.3 +0.2 +0.1 +2.9
≤ 40 mph −0.2 +0.3 +0.3 +0.3 +0.3 +0.5 +0.5 +0.2 +0.2 +0.3 +0.2 +0.1 +2.9
any wind −0.2 +0.3 +0.3 +0.3 +0.3 +0.5 +0.5 +0.2 +0.2 +0.3 +0.3 +0.2 +2.9
Empty cells indicate negligible change; ‘Total’ shows the sum of the trends over the whole year.

Visibility analysis

This is the number of days in each month, on average, for which (in this timeslot) the visibility was adequate. That is, for the entire timeslot:
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Good days 27 24 26 25 27 26 25 27 25 26 26 27  311  85%

Bad weather analysis

This is the number of days in each month, on average, for which (in this timeslot) no bad weather occurred. That is, for the entire timeslot, there was no rain, hail, snow, snow on the ground, icing conditions, thunderstorms, etc.
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Good days 14 13 16 18 20 19 20 20 17 15 13 15  200  55%

Wind speed analysis

This is the number of days in each month, on average, for which (in this timeslot) the maximum (gust) wind speed was less than or equal to the value shown on the left.
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
≤ 5 mph 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3  18  5%
≤ 10 mph 5 4 4 4 6 6 7 7 5 5 6 7  67  18%
≤ 15 mph 14 10 12 12 15 16 18 18 14 12 13 14  166  46%
≤ 20 mph 19 16 18 19 23 24 26 25 21 19 18 19  247  68%
≤ 30 mph 26 24 27 28 30 29 31 30 28 28 26 27  335  92%
≤ 40 mph 29 27 30 29 31 30 31 31 30 30 29 29  354  97%

Please send any comments, questions, or corrections to me, Mike Cowlishaw, at mfc@speleotrove.com.

All text Copyright © Mike Cowlishaw 2008, 2020. All rights reserved. The pages and data here are for non-commercial use only.
This page was last edited on 2020-04-03.