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Links in MemoWiki documents are written using square brackets as markup. The most common are links to other MemoWiki pages.

General format

[ name | content | options ]

All except name are optional. The three parts between the bars are as follows.

  1. name: the name of a page which will be viewed if this link is clicked. In principle, any characters are allowed in page names; however, some characters (], |, @, #, *, /) are reserved in the above notation, so are best avoided.
  2. content: (optional) text that will appear on the page for this link. All MemoWiki substitution (inline) shorthands may be used. If content is not given then the name is generally used as the content.
  3. options: optional plain-text keywords and parameters. These include the general option new (open in a new window) and are also used for images, embedded text files, etc., as described below. Keywords in options are not case-sensitive.
Vertical bars need only be used when there is content and/or options.

Examples:

[Sample page]

[Markup|general markup]

[cowlis2003]

[cowlis2003-DFP-algorism.pdf]

[/cognition/Biological background]

[canyon.jpg | Grand Canyon | image right]

[subdir/an-image.jpg]

[speleo.rex||text code]

[*||gps N43:14:10 W4:43:22 a1277]

HTML and relative links

For compatibility with other Wikis, if a name does not refer to an existing page, reference, or file, and if the first word of the name contains a ‘:’ or a ‘/’, then the first word is assumed to be an HTML reference and is linked accordingly. Any remaining words in the name then form the content (or are prefixed to the content if there is a | present).

Examples:

[http://www.speleogroup.org]

[http://www.speleogroup.org Speleogroup’s home page]

These appear on the page as www.speleogroup.org » and Speleogroup’s home page ».

A relative URL can similarly be used to refer to pages explicitly in the same or other MemoWiki topics, for example, [/MemoWiki/Markup].

Within-page links

A position within a page can be identified using a mark link, in which the name starts with ‘@’, for example:

[@tables | tables list]
This generates an HTML anchor with the name ‘tables’, which can be referred to by a local reference link of the same form but with the name beginning with ‘#’, for example:

[#tables | see tables list]

If content is not given, then the name (without the ‘@’ or ‘#’) is used as the content. There may optionally be one or more blanks after the ‘@’ or ‘#’. The name must not include an ‘@’.

A within-page mark can be referred to from another page simply by putting the mark name after the page name, separated by a hash (pound) character, for example: [my page#mark1].

Flagged links

If a name does not refer to an existing page, reference, or file, and if the first word of the name does not contain a ‘/’ or a ‘:’, then the link is assumed to be a reference to an as-yet un-edited page in the current topic and is shown with a following red question-mark (?).

Non-topic MemoWiki links

References to a Wiki page, Reference, or Data item in another topic on the same server can be made using a name of the form /topic/page, where the page is optional and both topic and page may include any characters except ‘/’. A ‘/’ alone links to the Topics list page.

For complete control, a name of the form //string may be used to send any selector to the current server; and topic or page name must then be safe-encoded. Commands may be suffixed following a ‘?’. (To see the exact formats of commands, hover over an action on the more... page).

Wikipedia links

Simple links to Wikipedia articles may be made directly using the same double-bracket notation as in Wikipedia but with an additional options part: [[link | content | options]]. (This notational support also allows the Wiki2HTML program to be used for rendering simple Wikipedia articles off-line.) options are currently ignored on Wikipedia links, which always open in a new tab or window.

General options

The options string for any link may contain the following option words, which override any default or topic setting:
new opens the page in a new tab or window (depending on your browser and browser settings)
same opens the page in the same tab or window (depending on your browser and browser settings); if both new and same are given the rightmost ‘wins’
flag causes the link to be followed by a remote marker flag (“»”)
noflag causes the link to be shown without a remote marker flag; if both flag and noflag are given the rightmost ‘wins’

Images

Minas Crags

Minas Crags

Image files can be included on a page by indicating that a name (which must be a file in the files directory or a fully-specified URL) is an image. To do this, the link must have an options field whose first word is image, and the image file is then included in the rendered page with content being used as a caption.

Additional options may be added as follows:
right float the the image to the right of the page (default)
left float the the image to the left of the page
centre
center
centre the image on the page
inline place the image inline with the text (usually only used for special glyphs)
width=n set the width of the image to n pixels (default 200)
height=n set the height of the image to n pixels (the default is to preserve aspect ratio for given or default width)
link=URL target when the image is clicked (default is the image itself); URL must be fully qualified (and need not be an image).
file name target when the image is clicked (default is the image itself); name is the remainder of the options string and must be the name of a file in the files directory (which need not be an image).
nocaption do not add a caption, even if content is given; the content will be used only for the ‘alt’ text and pop-up title.
noedge do not add the grey edging (frame); a caption is still allowed
nolink do not make the image an active link (the default is to allow the image to be opened in a new window at its original size)

Conflicts are resolved as ‘last option wins’.

The image above and to the right was included using the markup:
  [http://www.speleogroup.org/files/MinasCrags.jpg|Minas Crags|image right width=180]

Geographic locations (GPS links)

A link to a geographic location using GPS coordinates is made by using a placeholder (‘*’) as the name and then specifying an options field whose first word is gps. Additional options may be added as follows:
coordinate A GPS coordinate starting with one of the letters ‘N’, ‘S’, ‘E’, or ‘W’ followed by up to two digits of degrees then optionally a colon and one or two digits of minutes and then optionally a colon and one or two digits of seconds and finally an optional period and fractional seconds. For example: N43:14:10.6

Alternatively the coordinates may be given as a pair of decimal degrees words (no comma), latitude first (negative indicating South or West).
For example: [*||gps show 52.1375 -1.7525] shows as N52°08'15" W1°45'09".

height The letter ‘A’ followed by a decimal height in meters (optional)
show An optional keyword that indicates that (if no content is given) the content will include the GPS coordinates given (for example, N43°14'10" W4°43'22").
utm An optional keyword that indicates that (if no content is given) the content will include the UTM coordinates calculated from the GPS coordinates (for example, 30T 360.11 4788.56).
break An optional keyword; if present then a break (<br>) is added after the coordinates generated by show and/or utm.
deg An optional keyword which may follow a decimal coordinate and is ignored.

Two GPS coordinates must always be given, one starting with N or S and the other with E or W, or as a pair of decimal degrees.

If no content is given and neither show nor utm is specified then a Delta symbol is used as the content. For example, [*||gps N43:14:10 W4:43:22 a1277] appears as: Δ. If both show and utm are used, the parts will appear in the same order as the keywords.

Note that all GPS coordinate links in a given topic are assumed to use a common GPS datum; this may be changed using the Change Topic settings page.

Embedded text files

The content of text files can be included within a page by indicating that a name (which must be a file in the files directory) is to be embedded as text. To do this, the link must have an options field whose first word is text. Additional option keywords may be added as follows:
asis include the text as-is, without rendering MemoWiki markup (the default is to treat the embedded file as though it were part of the originial .wiki page)
code treat the text as program code, displayed in a box (implies asis); for example, [tryme.rex||text code] shows:
/* A very simple Rexx program */
numeric digits 250
say 1/7

Notes:

  1. When neither option is specified all MemoWiki (and HTML) markup is allowed, including structural markup.
  2. Any content field, or the option new, is ignored.

Data items (MemoTrove files)

Data items can be linked as a simple MemoWiki link (for example: [red], which would display as red) which allows them to be viewed and edited. To use the data from an item in a page, the item must be loaded. To do this, the link must have an options field whose first word is mtr. Additional option keywords may be added as follows:
name=nickname use nickname to refer to the loaded data in entities (the default is to use the MemoWiki safe name of the data item)
hide hide the link (this is used to load data without a reference to the source data item appearing on the page)
For example, [Long Marston airfield||mtr name=LM].

Once loaded, the values from the data item can be referenced using entities (for example: &red:r; or &LM:icao;). Entities can be used in the text of pages and also in the content or options parts of links.


Links was last edited on 2016-09-19  
Topic: MemoWiki